Since the Renaissance a great part of the Byzantine manuscripts migrated from their original provenance (Palestine, Egypt, Syria, Constantinople and surrounding areas, Cyprus and Greece...) to the libraries of western Europe and further afield, in for example Paris, the Vatican, Florence, London, Oxford, Madrid. Here they were given a new and different function, no longer being used for liturgical, but for study ends, or as historical artefact in museums. Primarily they came to be seen as containers of texts, and were placed on the same line as Classical Greek literary works. The liturgical provenance was lost from view and catalogues reflect this practice.