Course about Jerusalem unites Christian, Jewish and Muslim students

5 July 2019

Some 20 students from different European study programs and from a wide range of backgrounds, including Muslims, Jews and Christians, participated in the first summer school on “Jerusalem and the Three Religions” taking place at the Protestant Theological University of the Netherlands (PThU) in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.


This course is part of a unique academic partnership between The Schechter Institute of Jewish Studies and PThU and supported by an Erasmus+ grant. During the week there are lectures and seminars about the history and archaeology of Jerusalem, holy places in Jerusalem and the relationship between Jews, Christians and Muslims in the city. Prof. Doron Bar and Dr. Tamar Kadari, SIJS president and dean respectively, are both lecturing in Amsterdam. “What unites the students is the fascination for the city. Jerusalem is not an empty theme,” said Dr. Lieve Teugels, Lecturer in Jewish Studies and Semitics (PThU), in her welcome speech. “I know that all the conversations and discussions this week will be conducted with respect for each other and each other’s convictions.”

Different perspectives on Jerusalem

“In my lectures, I discussed the myths related to the city and the religious myths of sanctification,” says Prof. Bar, a historical geographer who specializes in documenting the development of Jerusalem’s holy sites and is himself a 7th generation Jerusalem resident. “My acquaintance with Jerusalem – both historical and personal – allows me to present the complexity of the city. 

Since the Israeli reality is very complicated to understand and is often misinterpreted in the international media, it is important to present the Dutch students with a balanced and critical voice about Jerusalem, its history and the present situation on the ground. It also allows me to explain the complexity of the Israeli experience, and highlight the tension between Judaism and Israeliness through the lens of holy places.” Dr. Kadari, an expert in Biblical exegetical literature, lectured on various aspects of Jerusalem in rabbinic literature.  

“Jerusalem is a place loaded with meaning for Jews, Christians and Muslims. It is often a contested place. Everybody has heard of Jerusalem, but most miss the information to really put Jerusalem’s history, ancient and modern, in perspective. In this summer school we hope to contribute to just that” says Dr. Teugels. “Apart from a rich variety of perspectives and aspects of Jerusalem, the students also enjoy ways of studying that are new for most. The students got a hands-on experience of Jewish learning by studying biblical and rabbinic texts in small chavruta groups.”

Student reactions

“By reading texts from different traditions, I gained a deeper understanding both in these texts themselves as well as the underlying discussions that surface through them,” said Dr. Wout Koelewijn, a senior relation manager for Medical Specialist Care and a PThU premaster student.

“As an activist in the political humanitarian point of view of the Israeli-Palestine conflict, I felt that I’m missing some background about where it all started. I find it very interesting,” added Geke van Vliet.

“I think that in order to have a good dialogue you need to understand where the other person is coming from, so participating in this summer school helps me see points of view of people who are so different from me, and I hope that the result in having meaningful conversations that will eventually lead to peace. In the future I will want to be involved in connecting people who have different views and become a dialogue coordinator,” says Marije van der Poel.

"I’ve learned how the use of language is so important. And since I didn’t know much about Jerusalem itself, as a student for both psychology and religious studies, I was curious about the Christian and Jewish perspectives”, says Imane Amara. 


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